How to write an explanatory essay: effectively present a point of view

The winner always writes the story; however, each theme, event, or situation still has several points of view depending on the angle of approach. It is quite difficult to influence an ideology or way of thinking. The best thing to do is present an Argument that uses statistics, logic, and evidence to show your idea is valid. It is what the explanatory essay is about.

What is an explanatory essay?

An explanatory essay is a type of work in which the author presents a particular topic, situation, or event. This view does not inevitably have to be one that the author agrees with, but it does have to have some research and logic to make it workable.

Explanatory essays show the views of other people or give reports about a particular event or situation. These are common in majors such as history or journalism, in which students examine facts and real conditions and make unbiased statements based on facts and evidence.

Usually, as an author, you decide on a specific topic. Then approach the Problem from a certain angle. This angle is typically complicated and gives room for discussion. In this case, you must present a point of view of your choice that sufficiently explains why a particular result has been achieved.

Many authors make a mistake based on the belief that they defend one side of an argument in a debate or criticize one perspective. Check more tips how to write an explanatory or expository essay here

Explanatory writing is rather about taking a neutral position on the defined topic by providing analyses from research and logically created self-theory. The overarching goal is to eliminate confusion and provide a clear explanation of why things happened the way they did. After completing the explanatory essay, the reader should have a clear understanding of your idea, even if he does not agree.

Explanatory Essay Topics

As a rule, explanatory essay topics assigned to students in advance. For example, a student may be asked to outline the events that led to World War II, or explain how computers work.

When you asked to choose a topic yourself, remember that explanatory essays are unbiased and based on facts. Therefore, it is recommended to select a neutral and uncontroversial topic that you can explain in detail. The more controversial the topic is, the more points of view you will examine in your explanatory essay, making it more complicated.

An explanatory essay can describe almost every topic, event, or idea. Here are some explanatory essay topics to help you get started:

  • What were the leading causes of the American Civil War?

This question had not been sufficiently answered yet from slavery to the rights of states to the aggravating sense of loss of power.

  • How does Depression affect the development of teens and adolescents?

Depression affects many people in different ways. From physical changes in diet to mental leaps in the form of mood swings, this topic still has a lot to discover.

  • How has general technological development affected schools?

Although technology has greatly simplified life for the whole world, it has brought a sense of laziness and trust. Can it be considered an addictive substance?

  • What are the positive and negative effects of social media in today's society?

Social Media has turned everyone into a Keyboard warrior these days. It allows people to spread their thoughts and ideas freely, but what about the harmful effects?

How to start an explanatory essay - Steps before writing

Before you start writing an explanation paper, don't forget to research and collect data accurately. This paper relies heavily on solid research and data. Write down all the essential information from your sources and use it as evidence in your explanatory essay.

Remember that the point of view presented must be a combination of personal ideas and external information - only then will your thoughts be appropriately confirmed. So explore your topic and find multiple sources that defend your beliefs.

  • Select a neutral topic that you want to explain in detail.
  • Find your sources; check out online journals like Google Scholar or JSTOR. Or find relevant books in your university library that you can use as prime sources.
  • Prepare the research, write down relevant facts or quotes. Do not forget to keep an eye on the sources as you will have to quote them later.
  • Organize your research in a paper sketch, with an introduction, three main sections, and a conclusion.
  • Check the Material and start Writing.

After collecting the necessary information, the next and most crucial step is to create an explanatory thesis. This statement contains a Short Version of your general view on the subject. In other words, you explain what you are going to show your audience. Remember that you do not argue or criticize, but only state facts.

A good Thesis contains everything you will say in your explanatory essay.


  • Steven Spielberg's 1993 masterpiece, Schindler's list, offers a vivid and terrifying insight into concentration camps during World War II. He reflects on the conflict between good and evil and shows how courage and selfless action can have a significant impact on the lives of helpless people.

In a lousy thesis, the discussion topics of her essay not presented as such:

  • Spielberg's Schindler's list is a film about the Holocaust, showing the experiences of Oskar Schindler and how he saved thousands of Jewish people from a terrible fate.

Note that a good thesis shows that the topics of discussion are not only the plot of the film. There are themes such as good and evil, courage, and selflessness and how a man can change the world. The bad thesis only explains what happens in the film.

After both steps have been completed, defining an explanatory essay structure is time by creating an outline.

Explanation of the essay

The outline of an explanatory essay depends on the length of the topic and the information you want to present. Anyway, based on the explanatory essay format, most essays are usually one or two pages long, so the entire essay is about 5 paragraphs long.

In the introduction, the topic of discussion and the explanatory thesis presented to the reader. Then follow the main paragraphs, which support the thesis with facts, logic, statistics, etc. Finally, the conclusion summarizes the main points of your explanatory essay and should include a final overall explanation. Let's now break down each section in more detail.

Explanation Essay Introduction

The explanatory essay's introduction consists of three main components: a hook, background information, and a closing statement. It serves as a conduit for the actual content of the explanatory essay. As with most types of essays, you should first interest the reader in the subject through a Hook explanation. It can be an interesting fact, a relevant quote, or anything that would attract the audience's attention.

Then provide all necessary background information that may not appear as general knowledge. It will help to draw a clear picture that the reader can follow. Finally, add the explanatory thesis at the end to determine the focus of your explanatory essay. It should eliminate any confusion about what discussed in the body.

The Body Paragraphs

If the topic is not very detailed, the Text should most likely contain three paragraphs, each with a starting point. However, the general style of each paragraph is identical. First, present a set of topics that explains what information you will introduce. Simultaneously, this sentence should smoothly transfer the Font from the previous to the next point.

Then present a Position or claim that directly supports the thesis. It is essential to ensure that the connection is evident so that the audience can easily connect the dots. Then present the evidence you have gained from your research. It will confirm your claim and enforce your Position. Finally, they provide a final statement summarizing the meaning of the complaint about the thesis. Follow this systemic approach three times for each of your needs to complete your body.

Justification of the explanatory essay

When writing the conclusion, three main elements are crucial to finish an explanatory essay properly. First, repeat your thesis. It will draw the audience's attention back to the main focus and strengthen their presented point of view.

Next, make sure you summarize your three supporting points listed in the main sections accordingly. It is essential to formulate the meaning of each individual briefly. It shows them that you have defended your explanatory thesis logically and correctly, which increases the strength of your entire letter.

Finally, make a final statement. It should explain the value of the specific view chosen from a global perspective. Leave your readers a call to action and instinctively tie them up to study the topic further. Once you've done that, you're almost done with your explanatory essay.

Overall, your explanatory essay will look like this:


  • A hook.
  • Background information representing all sides of the argument.
  • Thesis Statement.

Body (three paragraphs)

  • Identify the first argument with a set of topics.
  • Use your sources to provide evidence for this set of topics.
  • Explain the information; connect it to your argument.
  • Finish each paragraph by solidifying your argument and explaining why it's crucial.
  • Use the conclusion to get to the next paragraph.


  • Repeat the thesis statement.
  • Summarize all the arguments and topic sentences in your essay.
  • Finish the essay with a conclusion and leave a final impression on the audience.

Polish up

Before you safely submit your final work, you should take some proactive steps to tie the knot around your explanatory essay.

Check the clarity

Since the main goal of an explanatory essay is to explain a topic or event, you want to ensure that your descriptive writing clearly explains and simplifies the reader's level of understanding. Finally, you want is for your audience to be confused after reading the essay and question the general point you wanted to address.

Re-read and edit

The worst that a writer can offer are annoying grammar and word usage errors that negate the eloquence of the Text. Read the explanatory essay several times and make sure it runs smoothly like a stream on Sunday morning.

Get a second pair of eyes

Just because your writing makes sense to you doesn't mean Bob will understand it down the road. Let friends, acquaintances, or teachers read your explanatory essay to improve it for good.